Data from: Temperature amplifies the effect of high CO2 on the photosynthesis, respiration and calcification of the coralline algae Phymatolithon lusitanicum
Sordo, Laura; Santos, Rui; Barrote, Isabel; Silva, João (2019), Data from: Temperature amplifies the effect of high CO2 on the photosynthesis, respiration and calcification of the coralline algae Phymatolithon lusitanicum, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.6d5d302
The combination of ocean acidification (OA) and global warming is expected to have a significant effect on the diversity and functioning of marine ecosystems, particularly on calcifying algae such as rhodoliths (maërl) that form extensive beds worldwide, from polar to tropical regions. In addition, the increasing frequency of extreme events, such as heatwaves, threaten coastal ecosystems and may affect their capacity to fix blue carbon. The few studies where the simultaneous effects of both temperature and CO2 were investigated have revealed contradictory results. To assess the effect that high temperature spells can have on the maërl beds under OA, we tested the short-time effects of temperature and CO2 on the net photosynthesis, respiration and calcification of the recently described species Phymatolithon lusitanicum, the most common maërl species of southern Portugal. Photosynthesis, calcification and respiration increased with temperature, and the differences among treatments were enhanced under high CO2. We found that in the short term, the metabolic rates of Phymatolithon lusitanicum will increase with CO2 and temperature as will the coupling between calcification and photosynthesis. However, under high CO2, this coupling will favor photosynthesis over calcification, which, in the long term, can have a negative effect on the blue carbon fixing capacity of the maërl beds from southern Portugal.
National Science Foundation, Award: This study received Portuguese national funds from FCT - Foundation for Science and Technology through projects PTDC/MAR/115789/2009 and UID/Multi/04326/2019