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Data from: Flooding and soil composition determine beta-diversity of lowland forests in Northern South America

Citation

Stevenson, Pablo R.; Aldana, Ana M.; Cárdenas, Sasha; Negret., Pablo José (2018), Data from: Flooding and soil composition determine beta-diversity of lowland forests in Northern South America, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.6m4c1

Abstract

Beta diversity may be determined by dispersal limitation, environment and phylogeographic history. Our objective was to advance the understanding of plant species turnover in rainforests in Northern South America and determine which factors are affecting species beta-diversity. We evaluated the relative effect of environmental variables (i.e. soil, climate, fragmentation and flooding frequency) and dispersal limitation (i.e. geographical distance and resistance distance due mountain barriers) on tree beta diversity in 32 1-ha lowland forest plots. We found that tree species turnover was better explained by environmental distance than by geographic distance. Although, soil conditions and flooding regime were good predictors of tree species composition, almost half of the variance remained unexplained. In our study system, the Eastern Andean ridge had no significant effect on plant beta diversity, probably because of its young age in relation to the phylogeny. Our results provide support for the importance of environmental factors and suggests a more restricted role of dispersal limitation. Therefore, we advise that conservation strategies of lowland trees should consider specific forest types (e.g. seasonally flooded vs. terra firme, as well as piedmont vs. central Amazonian forests).

Usage Notes

Funding

National Science Foundation, Award: None

Location

Colombia