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Data from: Phylogeography and ecological niche modelling of the desert iguana (Dipsosaurus dorsalis, Baird & Girard 1852) in the Baja California Peninsula

Citation

Valdivia-Carrillo, Tania et al. (2017), Data from: Phylogeography and ecological niche modelling of the desert iguana (Dipsosaurus dorsalis, Baird & Girard 1852) in the Baja California Peninsula, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.6r7qn

Abstract

Understanding the factors that explain the patterns of genetic structure or phylogeographic breaks at an intraspecific level is key to inferring the mechanisms of population differentiation in its early stages. These topics have been well studied in the Baja California region, with vicariance and the dispersal ability of individuals being the prevailing hypothesis for phylogeographic breaks. In this study, we evaluated the phylogeographic patterns in the desert iguana (Dipsosaurus dorsalis), a species with a recent history in the region and spatial variation in life history traits. We analysed a total of 307 individuals collected throughout 19 localities across the Baja California Peninsula with 15 microsatellite DNA markers. Our data reveal the existence of three geographically discrete genetic populations with moderate gene flow and an isolation-by-distance pattern presumably produced by the occurrence of a refugium in the Cape region during the Pleistocene Last Glacial Maximum. Bayesian methods and ecological niche modelling were used to assess the relationship between population genetic structure and present and past climatic preferences of the desert iguana. We found that the present climatic heterogeneity of the Baja California Peninsula has a marked influence on the population genetic structure of the species, suggesting that there are alternative explanations besides vicariance. The information obtained in this study provides data allowing a better understanding of how historical population processes in the Baja California Peninsula can be understood from an ecological perspective.

Usage Notes

Location

Peninsula of Baja California
Sonoran Desert