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Data from: A high-density linkage map for Astyanax mexicanus using genotyping-by-sequencing technology


Carlson, Brian M.; Onusko, Samuel W.; Gross, Joshua B. (2015), Data from: A high-density linkage map for Astyanax mexicanus using genotyping-by-sequencing technology, Dryad, Dataset,


The Mexican tetra, Astyanax mexicanus, is a unique model system consisting of cave-adapted and surface-dwelling morphotypes which diverged >1My ago. This remarkable natural experiment has enabled powerful genetic analyses of cave adaptation. Here, we describe the application of next-generation sequencing technology to the creation of a high-density linkage map. Our map comprises over 2200 markers populating 25 linkage groups constructed from genotypic data generated from a single genotyping-by-sequencing project. We leveraged emergent genomic and transcriptomic resources to anchor hundreds of anonymous Astyanax markers to the genome of the zebrafish (Danio rerio), the most closely related model organism to our study species. This facilitated the identification of 784 distinct connections between our linkage map and the Danio rerio genome, highlighting several regions of conserved genomic architecture between the two species despite ~150My of divergence. Using a Mendelian cave-associated trait as a proof-of-principle, we successfully recovered the genomic position of the albinism locus near the gene Oca2. Further, our map successfully informed the positions of unplaced Astyanax genomic scaffolds within particular linkage groups. This ability to identify the relative location, orientation and linear order of unaligned genomic scaffolds will facilitate ongoing efforts to improve upon the current early draft and assemble future versions of the Astyanax physical genome. Moreover, this improved linkage map will enable higher resolution genetic analyses and catalyze the discovery of the genetic basis for cave-associated phenotypes.

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