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Raster layers of prioritisation analyses for current and future conditions based on phylogenetic diversity of Neotropical palms

Citation

Velazco, Santiago José Elías (2021), Raster layers of prioritisation analyses for current and future conditions based on phylogenetic diversity of Neotropical palms, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.6t1g1jwxm

Abstract

Aim: Palms are an ecologically and societally important plant group, with high diversity in the Neotropics. Here, we estimated the impacts of future climate change on phylogenetic diversity (PD) of Neotropical palms under varying climatic and dispersal scenarios, assessed the effectiveness of the established network of protected areas (PAs) for conserving palms PD today and in 2070, and identified priority areas for the conservation of palm species and their evolutionary history in the face of climate change.

Location: Neotropics.

Methods: We used ecological niche modelling to estimate the distribution of 367 species in the present and for 2070 based on two greenhouse gas emission and two dispersal scenarios. We calculated Faith’s PD within each five arc-minute grid cell to evaluate the effectiveness of PAs relative to null models and used phylogenetic spatial prioritisation analysis to detect priority areas.

Results: We found that even under the most optimistic climatic and dispersal scenarios, the established network of PAs performed poorly in safeguarding palms PD under both current conditions and those projected for 2070. Significant losses in PD inside PAs are expected under future climate conditions, especially if species are unable to disperse to suitable areas. Nevertheless, a modest and strategic increase in the number of PAs could considerably improve the protection of palms PD in the present and 2070.

Main conclusions: The PD of Neotropical palms is poorly represented within the established network of PAs, at both present and in 2070. A higher realised dispersal rates would diminish PD losses inside the network of PAs. The conservation of palm PD can be improved through the expansion of PAs in strategic regions such as the upper portion of the Amazon Basin, Tropical Andes, and Mesoamerica.

Methods

Raster layers of prioritisation analyses for current and future conditions based on phylogenetic diversity of Neotropical palms to expand current network of protected area. Future scenarios were represented by different combination between dispersal rates and representative concentration pathways.

Layer descriptions:

Prioritisation_CurrentConditions.tif: prioritisation for current climatic conditions

Prioritisation_Dispersal-0_RCP-45.tif: prioritisation for a negligible dispersal scenario (0 km/decade) and a representative concentration pathway of 4.5

Prioritisation_Dispersal-0_RCP-85.tif: prioritisation for a negligible dispersal scenario (0 km/decade) and a representative concentration pathway of 8.5

Prioritisation_Dispersal-50_RCP-45.tif: prioritisation for a human assisted dispersal scenario (50 km/decade) and a representative concentration pathway of 4.5

Prioritisation_Dispersal-50_RCP-85.tif prioritisation for a human assisted dispersal scenario (50 km/decade) and a representative concentration pathway of 8.5