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The transcription factor PagLBD3 contributes to the regulation of secondary growth in Populus

Citation

Liu, Lijun et al. (2021), The transcription factor PagLBD3 contributes to the regulation of secondary growth in Populus, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.6t1g1jwz2

Abstract

Lateral organ boundaries domain (LBD) genes encode plant-specific transcription factors that participate in regulating various developmental processes. In this study, we genetically characterized PagLBD3 as an important regulator of secondary growth in Populus. Overexpression of PagLBD3 increased stem secondary growth in Populus with significantly higher rate of cambial cells differentiated into phloem, while dominant repression of PagLBD3 significantly decreased the rate of cambial cells differentiated into phloem. Furthermore, we identified 1756 PagLBD3 genome-wide putative direct target genes (DTGs) through RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) coupled DNA affinity purification followed by sequencing (DAP-seq) assays. Gene Ontology analysis revealed that genes regulated by PagLBD3 were enriched in biological pathways regulating meristem development, xylem development, and auxin transport. Several central regulator genes for vascular development, including phloem intercalated with xylem (PXY), wuschel related homeobox4 (WOX4), Secondary Wall-Associated NAC Domain 1s (SND1-B2) and Vascular-Related NAC-Domain 6s (VND6-B1), were identified as PagLBD3 DTGs. Together, our results suggested that PagLBD3 and its DTGs form a complex transcriptional network to modulate cambium activity and phloem/xylem differentiation.