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Data for: Phylogenetic placement and taxonomic revision of the enigmatic Brazilian genus Monochilus Fisch. & C. A. Mey. (Lamiaceae)

Citation

Drew, Bryan T.; Antar, Guilherme; Harley, Raymond; Hays, Mallory (2022), Data for: Phylogenetic placement and taxonomic revision of the enigmatic Brazilian genus Monochilus Fisch. & C. A. Mey. (Lamiaceae) , Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.6t1g1jx2w

Abstract

Monochilus (Lamiaceae) is an enigmatic genus endemic to Brazil with two rarely collected species currently recognized. Based on morphological features Monochilus is hypothesized to be closely related to Amasonia within subfamily Ajugoideae. However, Monochilus is one of the few genera within Lamiaceae never to be represented in a published molecular phylogenetic study and thus has an uncertain placement with the subfamily. During recent herbarium exploration in association with the Flora of Brasil 2020 project, new specimens of Monochilus gloxinifolius and M. obovatus were uncovered. Based on this material, a new phylogeny of Ajugoideae was constructed based on nuclear ribosomal ITS and the chloroplast markers matK and trnL-trnF. Monochilus, as previously hypothesized, is closely related to Amasonia and placed within Ajugoideae. We discuss the phylogenetic placement of the genus and provide a taxonomic revision with a description, distribution maps, an identification key, preliminary conservation assessments, photographic plates and comments on both the taxonomy and ecology of these two species. Additionally, we provide a lecotypification for M. gloxinifolius.

Funding

National Science Foundation