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Data from: Early modulation of intra-cortical inhibition during the observation of action mistakes

Citation

Cardellicchio, Pasquale et al. (2018), Data from: Early modulation of intra-cortical inhibition during the observation of action mistakes, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.6v728j1

Abstract

Errors while performing an action are fundamental for learning. During interaction others’ errors must be monitored and taken into account to allow joint action coordination and imitation learning. This monitoring relies on an action observation network (AON) mainly based on parietofrontal recurrent circuits. Although different studies suggest that inappropriate actions may rapidly be inhibited during execution, little is known about the modulation of the AON when an action misstep is shown. Here we used single and paired pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation to assess corticospinal excitability, intracortical facilitation and intracortical inhibition at different time intervals (120, 180, 240 ms) after the visual presentation of a motor execution error. Results show a specific and early (120 ms) decrease of intracortical inhibition likely because of a significant mismatch between the observed erroneous action and observer’s expectations. Indeed, as proposed by the top-down predictive framework, the motor system may be involved in the generation of these error signals and our data show that this mechanism could rely on the early decrease of intracortical inhibition within the corticomotor system.

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