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Data from: A new small, mesorostrine inioid (Cetacea, Odontoceti, Delphinida) from four late Miocene localities of the Pisco Basin, Peru

Citation

Lambert, Olivier et al. (2020), Data from: A new small, mesorostrine inioid (Cetacea, Odontoceti, Delphinida) from four late Miocene localities of the Pisco Basin, Peru, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.70rxwdbv2

Abstract

The moderately rich past diversity of the superfamily Inioidea (Cetacea, Odontoceti) in both the Atlantic and Pacific oceans contrasts with the present survival of a single genus (Inia, Amazon river dolphin, family Iniidae) in freshwater deposits of South America and of a single species (Pontoporia blainvillei, Franciscana, family Pontoporiidae) along the eastern coast of that continent. However, part of the late Miocene to Pliocene inioid fossil record is made of relatively fragmentarily known species, for which systematic affinities remain poorly understood. Based on a sample of six cranial specimens from early late Miocene (Tortonian, 9.5-8.6 Ma) marine deposits of the Pisco Formation in four localities of the East Pisco Basin (southern coast of Peru), we describe a new genus and species of inioid, Samaydelphis chacaltanae. Bearing a proportionally short rostrum with an upper tooth count of about 30 teeth per row, this small-sized species is characterized by a moderately elevated vertex of the cranium displaying a long anteromedial projection of the frontals and interparietal, as well as by the plesiomorphic retention of a premaxilla-nasal contact. Recovered as a member of the family Pontoporiidae in our phylogenetic analysis, S. chacaltanae falls as sister-group to Meherrinia isoni, from the late Miocene of North Carolina (U.S.A.), which has previously been tentatively referred to the Iniidae or regarded as a stem Inioidea. Originating from the P1 allomember of the Pisco Formation, the mesorostrine S. chacaltanae was contemporaneous and sympatric with two other inioids, the brevirostrine pontoporiid Brachydelphis mazeasi and the longirostrine iniid Brujadelphis ankylorostris.

Methods

This dataset contains the character-taxon matrix (.nex file) and the constraint molecular tree (.nex file) for our phylogenetic analysis, as well as the complete strict consensus tree (.pdf file).

Funding

Università di Pisa, Award: PRA_2017_0032

Italian Ministero dell’Istruzione, dell’Università e della Ricerca (MIUR), Award: PRIN Project, 2012YJSBMK EAR- 9317031

National Geographic Society Committee for Research Exploration, Award: GEFNE 177-16

Italian Ministero dell’Istruzione, dell’Università e della Ricerca (MIUR), Award: PRIN Project, 2012YJSBMK EAR- 9317031

National Geographic Society Committee for Research Exploration, Award: GEFNE 177-16