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Data from: Predicting Collapse of Complex Ecological Systems: Quantifying the Stability-Complexity Continuum

Citation

Pettersson, Susanne M; Nilsson Jacobi, Martin; Savage, Van M (2020), Data from: Predicting Collapse of Complex Ecological Systems: Quantifying the Stability-Complexity Continuum, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.7118h7f

Abstract

Collapse, stability, and dynamical shifts between these states are hallmarks of ecological systems. A major goal in ecosystem research is to identify how limits of these states change with diversity, complexity, interaction-topology, and hierarchies. The primary focus has been on identifying conditions for a system to shift from strict stability to complete collapse. While this boundary is indeed of central importance, it is possible that real ecosystems can show a larger variety of responses to environmental changes. Here, rather than focusing solely on limits of stability or collapse, we quantify and map the full phase space and the boundaries between regions with different response characteristics. We explore this phase space as biodiversity and complexity are varied for interaction webs in which consumer-resource interactions are chosen randomly and driven by Generalized-Lotka-Volterra dynamics. The ability to pinpoint the location of a system within this phase space and quantify the system’s proximity to collapse is made possible via a novel mathematical analysis that we develop. Previous work that focused only on collapse lacks the context within the overall phase space to be able to predict when systems are nearing or are poised to collapse. Moreover, in contrast to previous collapse predictions, we account for the fact that dynamics often lead to single species extinctions. Allowing and accounting for these single-species extinctions reveals more detailed structure of the complexity-stability phase space and introduces an intermediate phase between stability and collapse - Extinction Continuum – that give a more nuanced view of how an ecosystem can respond to internal and external changes. With this extended phase space and our construction of predictive measures based strictly on observable quantities, real systems can be better mapped — than using canonical measures by May or critical slowdown – for proximity to collapse and path through phase-space to collapse.

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