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Data from: An analysis of travel reports of the Finnish botanical expeditions to Russian Lapland (Murmansk Region and Northern Karelia) in 1861 and 1863

Citation

Sennikov, Alexander; Kozhin, Mikhail (2020), Data from: An analysis of travel reports of the Finnish botanical expeditions to Russian Lapland (Murmansk Region and Northern Karelia) in 1861 and 1863, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.73n5tb2vw

Abstract

Finnish botanical expeditions, which were made to Russian Lapland (present-day Murmansk Region and northern Karelia, Russia) in 1861 and 1863, published travel reports with preliminary information, which contained numerous floristic novelties and phytogeographical observations but have been overlooked in present-day studies. Two reports appeared in print, by Gustav Selin on the expedition made in 1861, and by Nils Isak Fellman on the expedition made in 1863. We analysed mentions of vascular plant species published in these travel reports in order to trace and evaluate first records and localities of rare and legally protected species on the basis of herbarium vouchers kept at H. In spite of high self-claims, Selin actually reported 9 species new to present-day Murmansk Region and 1 species new to Republic of Karelia, and 4 species of vascular plants that are currently under legal protection in Murmansk Region, whereas Fellman reported 11 species new to Murmansk Region and 5 species new to Karelia, with 34 species under legal protection in Murmansk Region. First records of alien plants were 7 species from Selin and 4 species from Fellman. These numbers brought the contemporary floristic knowledge in Russian Lapland to 504 species of native plants (50% of the current total) and 54 species of alien plants (11% of the current total). Fellman’s report included the first phytogeographical observations from the Kola Peninsula, with the first botanical limits observed, and the first descriptions of key botanical territories which are currently under strict protection. This study contributes to botanical history, plant protection and management of plant invasions in Murmansk Region.

Methods

The dataset is based on the specimens kept at the Museum of Natural History, University of Helsinki.

Funding

Russian Science Foundation, Award: 19-77-00025