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Postcranial osteometric data from human and 27 North American faunal species

Citation

Garvin, Heather; Dunn, Rachel; Sholts, Sabrina (2021), Postcranial osteometric data from human and 27 North American faunal species, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.73n5tb2z0

Abstract

Although nonhuman remains constitute a significant portion of forensic anthropological casework, the potential use of quantitative methods to assess human origins and classify species from gross bone morphology has not been thoroughly investigated. This study aimed to test the utility of a few basic long bone measurements to distinguish human from nonhuman remains and classify species. More than 50,000 measurements were compiled from humans and 27 nonhuman species (mostly North American). Decision trees developed from the long bone data differentiate human and nonhuman remains with more than 90% accuracy (>98% accuracy for the human sample), even if all long bones are pooled. Stepwise discriminant function results were slightly lower (>87.4% overall accuracy). The quantitative models can be used to support visual identifications or preliminarily assess forensic significance at scenes. For species classification, bone-specific discriminant functions returned accuracies between 77.7% and 89.1%, but classification results varied highly across species. A web tool, OsteoID, was developed from the study data where users can input basic measurements, and photographs of potential bones/species are returned for visual identification. Additional resources (e.g., 3D scans) are provided, creating an important resource for forensic anthropologists and others to assist in skeletal species identification and comparative osteology training.

Methods

Osteometric data (maximum lengths, proximal and distal maximum widths (medio-lateral) and depths (antero-posterio) and mishaft maximum and minimum diameters) were collected from human and nonhuman bones curated in museums and institutions using digital calipers. Additional data were compiled from previously published studies and publicly available skeletal databases. Citations are provided for data collected from these literature/database sources. The data uploaded here contains the raw measurements.

Usage Notes

Missing values denoted by blank cells or #NULL!. READ ME file and "Variables Definitions" sheet of excel file provides column explanations and measurement definitions. Additional resources can be found at the OsteoID website (www.boneidentification.com). Please cite this dataset and either OsteoID, the associated publication (In Review currently), and/or the NIJ project final report (NIJ 2018-DU-BX-0229).

Funding

National Institute of Justice, Award: 2018-DU-BX-0229