Data from: Ecological correlates of the spatial co-occurrence of sympatric mammalian carnivores worldwide
Davis, Courtney L. et al. (2019), Data from: Ecological correlates of the spatial co-occurrence of sympatric mammalian carnivores worldwide, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.7f9j57n
The composition of local mammalian carnivore communities has far-reaching effects on terrestrial ecosystems worldwide. To better understand how carnivore communities are structured, we analyzed camera trap data for 108,087 trap days across 12 countries spanning 5 continents. We estimate local probabilities of co-occurrence among 768 species pairs from the order Carnivora and evaluate how shared ecological traits correlated with probabilities of co-occurrence. Within individual study areas, species pairs co-occurred more frequently than expected at random. Co-occurrence probabilities were greatest for species pairs that shared ecological traits including similar body size, temporal activity pattern, and diet. However, co-occurrence decreased as compared to other species pairs when the pair included a large-bodied carnivore. Our results suggest that a combination of shared traits and top-down regulation by large carnivores shape local carnivore communities globally.