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Phylogenomic dataset used for evolutionary rate covariation analyses in Forsythe et al.

Citation

Forsythe, Evan (2020), Phylogenomic dataset used for evolutionary rate covariation analyses in Forsythe et al., Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.7h44j0zs3

Abstract

Nuclear and plastid (chloroplast) genomes experience different mutation rates, levels of selection, and transmission modes, yet key cellular functions depend on coordinated interactions between proteins encoded in both genomes. Functionally related proteins often show correlated changes in rates of sequence evolution across a phylogeny (evolutionary rate covariation or ERC), offering a means to detect previously unidentified suites of coevolving and cofunctional genes. We performed phylogenomic analyses across angiosperm diversity, scanning the nuclear genome for genes that exhibit ERC with plastid genes. As expected, the strongest hits are highly enriched for plastid-targeted proteins, providing evidence that cytonuclear interactions affect rates of molecular evolution at genome-wide scales. Many identified nuclear genes function in post-transcriptional regulation and the maintenance of protein homeostasis (proteostasis), including protein translation (in both the plastid and cytosol), import, quality control and turnover. We also identified nuclear genes that exhibit strong signatures of coevolution with the plastid genome but lack organellar-targeting annotations, making them candidates for having previously underibed roles in plastids. In sum, our genome-wide analyses reveal that plastid-nuclear coevolution extends beyond the intimate molecular interactions within chloroplast enzyme complexes and may be driven by frequent rewiring of the machinery responsible for maintenance of plastid proteostasis in angiosperms.

Methods

See methods from Forsythe et al. 

Usage Notes

See README file for information about the files fond in each directory.  

Funding

National Science Foundation, Award: MCB-1733227