Data from: Partitioning drivers of spatial genetic variation for a continuously-distributed population of boreal caribou: implications for management unit delineation
Priadka, Pauline, Natural Resources Institute, University of Manitoba
Manseau, Micheline, Trent University, Natural Resources Institute, University of Manitoba
Trottier, Tim, Ministry of Environment
Hervieux, Dave, University of Manitoba
Galpern, Paul, University of Calgary
McLoughlin, Philip D., University of Saskatchewan
Wilson, Paul J., Trent University, Natural Resources Institute, University of Manitoba
Published Dec 18, 2018 on Dryad.
Cite this dataset
Priadka, Pauline et al. (2018). Data from: Partitioning drivers of spatial genetic variation for a continuously-distributed population of boreal caribou: implications for management unit delineation [Dataset]. Dryad. https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.7k2g187
Isolation-by-distance (IBD) is a natural pattern not readily incorporated into theoretical models nor traditional metrics for differentiating populations, although clinal genetic differentiation can be characteristic of many wildlife species. Landscape features can also drive population structure additive to baseline IBD resulting in differentiation through isolation-by-resistance (IBR). We assessed the population genetic structure of boreal caribou across western Canada using non-spatial (STRUCTURE) and spatial (MEMGENE) clustering methods and investigated the relative contribution of IBD and IBR on genetic variation of 1221 boreal caribou multilocus genotypes across western Canada. We further introduced a novel approach to compare the partitioning of individuals into management units (MU) and assessed levels of genetic connectivity under different MU scenarios. STRUCTURE delineated five genetic clusters while MEMGENE identified finer-scale differentiation across the study area. IBD was significant and did not differ for males and females both across and among detected genetic clusters. MEMGENE landscape analysis further quantified the proportion of genetic variation contributed by IBD and IBR patterns, allowing for the relative importance of spatial drivers, including roads, water bodies and wildfires, to be assessed and incorporated into the characterization of population structure for the delineation of MUs. Local population units, as currently delineated in the boreal caribou recovery strategy, do not capture the genetic variation and connectivity of the ecotype across the study area. Here, we provide the tools to assess fine-scale spatial patterns of genetic variation, partition drivers of genetic variation and evaluate the best management options for maintaining genetic connectivity. Our approach is highly relevant to vagile wildlife species that are of management and conservation concern and demonstrate varying degrees of IBD and IBR with clinal spatial genetic structure that challenges the delineation of discrete population boundaries.
Genotypes for 1221 boreal caribou at 9 microsatellite loci. Missing data is indicated by "-99". Coordinates for sampling locations have not been included because boreal caribou are listed as Threatened under Canada's Species At Risk Act.
Raster .asc files of landscape resistance models. Univariate models include resistance costs of 10, 50 and 100. Optimized models for Cluster 1 and Cluster 2 reflect the optimized resistance costs for roads and water bodies (land1), roads and forestry (land2), water bodies and forestry (land3) and roads, water bodies and forestry (land4). Raster cell size is 250m in planar projection.