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Data from: Species-area relationships in the Andaman and Nicobar islands emerge because rarer species are disproportionately favored on larger islands

Citation

Gooriah, Leana; Davidar, Priya; Chase, Jonathan (2020), Data from: Species-area relationships in the Andaman and Nicobar islands emerge because rarer species are disproportionately favored on larger islands, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.7m0cfxpr5

Abstract

The Island Species-Area relationship (ISAR) describes how the number of species increases with increasing size of an island (or island-like habitat), and is of fundamental importance in island biogeography and conservation. Here, we use a framework based on individual-based rarefaction to infer whether ISARs result from passive sampling, or whether some processes are acting beyond sampling (e.g., disproportionate effects and/or habitat heterogeneity). Using data on total and relative abundances of four taxa (birds, butterflies, amphibians and reptiles) from multiple islands in the Andaman and Nicobar archipelago, we examine how different metrics of biodiversity (total species richness, rarefied species richness, and abundance-weighted effective numbers of species emphasizing common species) vary with island area. Total species richness increased for all taxa, as did rarefied species richness controlling for a given sampling effort. This indicates that the ISAR did not result because of passive sampling, but that instead, some species were disproportionately favored on larger islands. For birds, frogs and lizards, this disproportionate effect was only associated with species that were rarer in the samples, but for butterflies, both more common and rarer species were affected. Furthermore, for the two taxa for which we had plot-level data (reptiles and amphibians), within-island β-diversity did not increase with island size, suggesting that within island compositional effects were unlikely to be driving these ISARs. Overall, our results indicate that the ISARs of these taxa are most likely driven by disproportionate effects, that is, where larger islands are important sources of biodiversity beyond a simple sampling expectation, especially through their influence on rarer species, thus emphasizing their role in the preservation and conservation of species.

Methods

For more details on the methods for data collection, see Davidar et al. (1996) and Devy et al. (1998) for birds and butterflies, and Surendran and Vasudevan (2015) for data collection of the frogs and lizards.

References:

  • Davidar, P., Y. K, G. Tg, and N. Joshi. 1996. An assessment of common and rare forest bird species of the Andaman Islands. Forktail 12:99–105.
  • Devy, M. S., T. Ganesh, and P. Davidar. 1998. Patterns of butterfly distribution in the Andaman islands: implications for conservation. Acta Oecologica 19:527–534.
  • Surendran, H., and K. Vasudevan. 2015. The devil is in the detail: estimating species richness, density, and relative abundance of tropical island herpetofauna. BMC Ecology 15.

Usage Notes

Data files for birds and butterflies are pooled abundances (i.e., total abundances of species per island). Data files for lizards and frogs are plot-level abundance data (i.e., abundance of species per plot per island).

Funding

Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Award: FZT 118