Data from: Varying dataset resolution alters predictive accuracy of spatially explicit ensemble models for avian species distribution
Curry, Claire M.; Ross, Jeremy D.; Contina, Andrea J.; Bridge, Eli S. (2018), Data from: Varying dataset resolution alters predictive accuracy of spatially explicit ensemble models for avian species distribution, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.7m13q9b
Species distribution models can be made more accurate by use of new “Spatiotemporal Exploratory Models” (STEMs), a type of spatially explicit ensemble model (SEEM) developed at the continental scale that averages regional models pixel by pixel. Although SEEMs can generate more accurate predictions of species distributions, they are computationally expensive. We compared the accuracies of each model for 11 grassland bird species, and examined whether they improve accuracy at a statewide scale for fine and coarse predictor resolutions. We used a combination of survey data and citizen science data for 11 grassland bird species in Oklahoma to test a spatially explicit ensemble model at a smaller scale for its effects on accuracy of current models. We found that only four species performed best with either a statewide model or SEEM; the most accurate model for the remaining seven species varied with data resolution and performance measure. Policy implications: Determination of non-heterogeneity may depend on the spatial resolution of the examined dataset. Managers should be cautious if any regional differences are expected when developing policy from rangewide results that show a single model or timeframe. We recommend use of standard species distribution models or other types of non-spatially explicit ensemble models for local species prediction models. Further study is necessary to understand at what point SEEMs become necessary with varying dataset resolutions.