A general swimming response in exhausted obligate swimming fish
Cite this dataset
Iosilevskii, Gil et al. (2022). A general swimming response in exhausted obligate swimming fish [Dataset]. Dryad. https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.7pvmcvdv4
Marine organisms normally swim at elevated speeds relative to cruising speeds only during strenuous activity, such as predation or escape. We measured swimming speeds of 29 ram ventilating sharks from 10 species and of three Atlantic bluefin tunas immediately after exhaustive exercise (fighting a capture by hook-and-line), and unexpectedly found all individuals exhibited a uniform mechanical response, with swimming speed initially 2 times higher than the cruising speeds reached approximately 6 hours later. We hypothesised that elevated swimming behaviour is a means to increase energetic demand and drive the removal of lactate accumulated during capture via oxidation. To explore this hypothesis, we estimated the mechanical work that must have been spent by an animal to elevate its swim speed, and then showed that the amount of lactate that could have been oxidized to fuel it comprises a significant portion of the amount of lactate normally observed in fishes after exhaustive exercise. An estimate for the full energetic cost of the catch-and-release event ensued.
Science Foundation Ireland, Award: 18/SIRG/5549