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Combining climatic and genomic data improves range-wide tree height growth prediction in a forest tree

Citation

Archambeau, Juliette et al. (2022), Combining climatic and genomic data improves range-wide tree height growth prediction in a forest tree, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.7pvmcvdvw

Abstract

Population response functions based on climatic and phenotypic data from common gardens have long been the gold standard for predicting quantitative trait variation in new environments. However, prediction accuracy might be enhanced by incorporating genomic information that captures the neutral and adaptive processes behind intra-population genetic variation. We used five clonal common gardens containing 34 provenances (523 genotypes) of maritime pine (Pinus pinaster Aiton) to determine whether models combining climatic and genomic data capture the underlying drivers of height-growth variation, and thus improve predictions at large geographical scales. The plastic component explained most of the height-growth variation, probably resulting from population responses to multiple environmental factors. The genetic component stemmed mainly from climate adaptation, and the distinct demographic and selective histories of the different maritime pine gene pools. Models combining climate-of-origin and gene pool of the provenances, and positive-effect height-associated alleles (PEAs) captured most of the genetic component of height-growth and better predicted new provenances compared to the climate-based population response functions. Regionally-selected PEAs were better predictors than globally-selected PEAs, showing high predictive ability in some environments, even when included alone in the models. These results are therefore promising for the future use of genome-based prediction of quantitative traits.

Methods

We collected phenotypic (i.e. height measurements) and genomic (5,165 high-quality polymorphic SNPs) data from the clonal common garden network CLONAPIN consisting of 5 test sites and 34 populations of maritime pine (523 genotypes).

Usage Notes

Please refer to the README file associated with this DRYAD repository for a description of the variables and values in each dataset and the scripts used to analyze the present data.

Funding

Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness, Award: RTA2010-00120-C02-02 (CLONAPIN)

Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness, Award: CGL2011-30182- C02-01 (AdapCon)

Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness, Award: AGL2012-40151-C03-02 (FENOPIN)

Initiative d’Excellence (IdEx) de l’Université de Bordeaux - Chaires d’installation 2015, Award: EcoGenPin

European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme, Award: 862221 (FORGENIUS)

European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme, Award: 773383 (B4EST)