Skip to main content
Dryad logo

Depleted cultural richness of an avian vocal mimic in fragmented habitat

Citation

Backhouse, Fiona; Welbergen, Justin; Magrath, Robert; Dalziell, Anastasia (2022), Depleted cultural richness of an avian vocal mimic in fragmented habitat, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.7pvmcvdw3

Abstract

Aim: Conservation has recently shifted to include behavioural or cultural diversity, adding substantial value to conservation efforts. Habitat loss and fragmentation can deplete diversity in learnt behaviours such as bird song by reducing the availability of song tutors, yet these impacts are poorly understood. Vocal mimicry may be particularly sensitive to habitat loss and fragmentation through the resulting reduction in both heterospecific models and conspecific tutors. Here we examine the relationship between habitat availability and mimetic repertoire size and composition in male Albert’s lyrebirds (Menura alberti), a near-threatened species renowned for its remarkable mimetic abilities.

Location: Eastern Australia

Methods: We calculated repertoire size and composition from recordings of male Albert’s lyrebirds from throughout the species’ range. We estimated patch size and local habitat availability using a species distribution model and remotely sensed vegetation types. We assessed the local model species assemblage through species distribution models and automated acoustic detectors.

Results: Individual males in smaller habitat patches, or in areas with a lower proportion of suitable habitat, mimicked fewer model species and fewer vocalisation types, though they mimicked comparatively more vocalisations from each model species than individuals in larger patches or with more intact habitat. All model species were likely to occur in most study sites, suggesting that repertoires are not driven by the availability of model species.

Main conclusions: Our results suggest that mimetic repertoire sizes are influenced by habitat availability through the number of lyrebird tutors. Further, individuals in disturbed habitat may partially compensate for mimicking fewer species by mimicking more vocalisations from each species. This study supports the hypothesis that cultural diversity may be impoverished by habitat loss and fragmentation in a similar way to genetic diversity. Variation in song diversity may therefore signal population health and highlight populations in particular need of conservation action.

Methods

See manuscript for methods.

Funding

National Science Foundation, Award: 1730791

BirdLife Northern NSW