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Data from: Lifetime reproductive success, selection on lifespan and multiple sexual ornaments in male European barn swallows

Citation

Costanzo, Alessandra et al. (2017), Data from: Lifetime reproductive success, selection on lifespan and multiple sexual ornaments in male European barn swallows, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.7v910

Abstract

Natural and sexual selection arise when individual fitness varies according to focal traits. Extra-pair paternities (EPPs) can affect the intensity of selection by influencing variance in fitness among individuals. Studies of selection require that individual fitness is estimated using proxies of lifetime reproductive success (LRS). However, estimating LRS is difficult in large, open populations where EPPs cause reallocation of biological paternity. Here we used extensive field sampling to estimate LRS in a population of barn swallows (Hirundo rustica) to estimate selection on lifespan and ornamental traits of males. We found selection on lifespan mediated both by within- and extra-pair fertilization success and selection on tail length mediated by within- but not extra-pair fertilization success. In addition, we found selection on tail white spots via extra-pair fertilization success after controlling for selection on other traits. These results were not confounded by factors that hamper studies of LRS, including non-exhaustive sampling of offspring and biased sampling of males. Hence, natural and sexual selection mediated by LRS operates on lifespan, tail length and size of the tail white spots in barn swallows.

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