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Data from: An agent-based model of anoikis in the colon crypt displays novel emergent behaviour consistent with biological observations

Citation

Ingham-Dempster, Timothy; Walker, Dawn C.; Corfe, Bernard M.; Ingham-Dempster, Tim (2017), Data from: An agent-based model of anoikis in the colon crypt displays novel emergent behaviour consistent with biological observations, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.800pj

Abstract

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a major cause of cancer mortality. Colon crypts are multi-cellular flask-shaped invaginations of the colonic epithelium, with stem cells at their base which support the continual turnover of the epithelium with loss of cells by anoikis from the flat mucosa. Mutations in these stem cells can become embedded in the crypts, a process that is strongly implicated in CRC initiation. We describe a computational model which includes novel features, including an accurate representation of the geometry of the crypt mouth. Model simulations yield previously unseen emergent phenomena, such as localization of cell death to a small region of the crypt mouth which corresponds with that observed in vivo. A mechanism emerges in the model for regulation of crypt cellularity in response to changes in either cell proliferation rates or membrane adhesion strengths. We show that cell shape assumptions influence this behaviour, with cylinders recapitulating biology better than spheres. Potential applications of the model include determination of roles of mutations in neoplasia and exploring factors for altered crypt morphodynamics.

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