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Data from: A novel adenine-based-MOF derived nitrogen-doped nanoporous carbon for flexible solid-state supercapacitor

Citation

Li, Haowen; Fu, Dongying; Zhang, Xian-Ming (2018), Data from: A novel adenine-based-MOF derived nitrogen-doped nanoporous carbon for flexible solid-state supercapacitor, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.82600

Abstract

In this article, we have synthesized a series of nitrogen-doped nanoporous carbon (NPC) from metal organic framework (MOF) of UiO-66 with different ratio of adenine and coated on carbon nanotube film (CNTF) to obtain a flexible porous electrode (NPC/CNTF). It is worth noting that the introduction of adenine at different ratio did not change the structure of UiO-66. We also investigated the effect of carbonization temperature from 800 to 1000 °C on the electrochemical properties of the NPC. The ratio (1, 4-benzendicarboxylate: adenine) 9:1 and the NPC carbonized at 900 °C (noted as NPC-1-900) exhibits better electrochemical properties. The results show that NPC-1-900/CNTF electrode exhibits an exceptionally areal capacitance of 121.5 mF cm-2 than that of PC-900/CNTF electrode (22.8 mF cm-2) at 5 mV s-1 in a three-electrode system, indicating that the incorporation of nitrogen is beneficial to the electrochemical properties of nanoporous carbon. A symmetric flexible solid-state supercapacitor of NPC-1-900/CNTF has also been assembled and tested. Electrochemical date shows that the device exhibited superior areal capacitance (43.2 mF cm-2) at the scan rate of 5 mV s-1, the volumetric energy density is 57.3 µWh cm-3 and the volumetric power density is 2.4 mW cm-3 at the current density of 0.5 mA cm-2 based on PVA/H3PO4 gel electrolyte. For practical application, we have also studied the bending tests of the device, which show that the device exhibits the outstanding mechanical stability under different bending angles. Furthermore, the flexible device shows excellent cyclic stability, which can retain 91.5% of the initial capacitance after 2000 cycles.

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