Data from: Parent-offspring facial resemblance increases with age in rhesus macaques
Cite this dataset
Kazem, Anahita J.N. et al. (2018). Data from: Parent-offspring facial resemblance increases with age in rhesus macaques [Dataset]. Dryad. https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.84c66
Kin recognition is a key ability which facilitates the acquisition of inclusive fitness benefits and enables optimal outbreeding. In primates, phenotype matching is considered particularly important for the recognition of patrilineal relatives, as information on paternity is unlikely to be available via social familiarity. Phenotypic cues to both paternal and maternal relatedness exist in the facial features of humans and other primates. However, theoretical models suggest that in systems with parentage uncertainty it may be adaptive for offspring to conceal such cues when young, in order to avoid potential costs of being discriminated against by unrelated adults. Using experienced human raters, we demonstrate in a computer-based task that detection of parent-offspring resemblances in the faces of rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) increases significantly with offspring age. Moreover, this effect is specific to information about kinship, as raters were extremely successful at discriminating individuals even amongst the youngest animals. To our knowledge, this is the first evidence in non-humans for the age-dependent expression of visual cues used in kin recognition.