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Data from: Age and early social environment influence guppy social learning propensities

Citation

Leris, Ioannis; Reader, Simon M. (2017), Data from: Age and early social environment influence guppy social learning propensities, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.8538d

Abstract

Social learning, learning from others, allows animals to quickly and adaptively adjust to changing environments, but only if social learning provides reliable, useful information in that environment. Early life conditions provide a potential cue to the reliability of social information later in life. Here, we addressed whether direct early life experience of the utility of social learning influences later social learning propensities. We reared guppy, Poecilia reticulata, fry for 45 days in three different social conditions which involved the presence of adult demonstrators providing cues about feeding locations in the tanks (‘follow adults’ and ‘avoid adults’ treatments), or their absence (‘no adults’ treatment). In the ‘follow adults’ treatment, juveniles that swam in the same direction as the adult demonstrators found food, whereas in the ‘avoid adults’ treatment, subjects that swam in the opposite direction to the demonstrators found food. We then tested the fish with a social learning task, to examine whether prior experience had influenced the social learning tendencies of the juveniles. After another 45 days of rearing under common-garden conditions with no adult fish present in the tanks, subjects were retested with the same social learning task, to investigate whether early experiences had effects persisting into adulthood. After 45 days of rearing we found no evidence for social learning in any of the experimental groups. However, after 90 days of rearing, we found evidence of social learning, but only in the ‘follow adults’ treatment. These results suggest that social learning propensities may develop over life, and that prior exposure to conspecifics providing useful foraging information during early life can shape the degree of reliance on social learning in adulthood.

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