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Data from: Analysis of microsatellite loci in tree of heaven (Ailanthus altissima (Mill.) Swingle) using SSR-GBS

Citation

Neophytou, Charalambos et al. (2018), Data from: Analysis of microsatellite loci in tree of heaven (Ailanthus altissima (Mill.) Swingle) using SSR-GBS, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.873b2j2

Abstract

Microsatellite markers are still the marker of choice for many research questions in the field of forest genetics. However, the number of available markers is often low for species that have not been studied intensively like the tree of heaven (Ailanthus altissima). During the last decade, next generation sequencing (NGS) has offered advanced techniques for efficiently identifying microsatellite markers and accurately genotyping samples. Here, we identify new microsatellite markers for the tree of heaven by applying an NGS-based method using the Illumina MiSeq platform. NGS technology was proved to be an effective method for fast and cost-efficient identification of microsatellite markers by implementing a genotyping-by-sequencing approach based on Illumina amplicon sequencing (SSR-GBS). We screened three populations from Eastern Austria for genetic variation at 19 newly identified microsatellite loci. We tested two different genotyping approaches: (1) considering only allele lengths (forming a so-called ‘allele length dataset’), (2) taking also single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within the amplified fragments into account (forming a so-called ‘SNP dataset’). The results revealed higher values for all genetic diversity parameters, as well as a better resolution of genetic assignment, when the latter approach was followed. Thus, by taking advantage of sequence information which is provided by SSR-GBS, one may achieve considerable gains in performance using the same marker set. The developed markers provide a cost-efficient tool for genotyping populations of tree of heaven and the approach presented here promises to be of high value for medium throughput genotyping applications in non-model forest tree species. We will use this method to widen the perspectives for further population genetic investigations of the tree of heaven.

Usage Notes

Location

Eastern Austria