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Dataset for Xia et al.: Reproductive isolation via divergent genital morphology due to cascade reinforcement in Ohomopterus ground beetles

Citation

Takami, Yasuoki (2022), Dataset for Xia et al.: Reproductive isolation via divergent genital morphology due to cascade reinforcement in Ohomopterus ground beetles, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.8931zcrv0

Abstract

Secondary contact between incipient species and selection against maladaptive hybridization can drive reinforcement between populations in contact and result in reproductive character displacement (RCD). Resultant divergence in mating traits within a species may generate downstream reproductive isolation between populations with displaced and non-displaced traits, referred to as the cascade reinforcement hypothesis. We examined this hypothesis using three allopatric populations of the ground beetle Carabus maiyasanus with a genital lock-and-key system. This species shows RCD in male and female genital morphologies in populations in contact with the sister species C. iwawakianus. In a reciprocal mating experiment using three allopatric populations with differences in male and female genital sizes, inseminationfailure increased as the difference in genital size increased. Based on the reproductive isolation index, insemination failure was the major postmating-prezygotic isolation barrier, at least in one population pair with comparable total isolation to those of other species pairs. By contrast, there was only incomplete premating isolation among populationsThese results suggest that RCD in genital morphologies drives incipient allopatric speciation, supporting the cascade reinforcement hypothesis. These findings provide insight into the roles of interspecific interactions and subsequent trait diversification in speciation processes.

Funding

Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Award: 19770014

Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Award: 22770019

Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Award: 24570024

Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Award: 16H04844

Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Award: 15207004

Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Award: 23370011