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Re-imagining fMRI for awake behaving infants

Citation

Ellis, Cameron et al. (2021), Re-imagining fMRI for awake behaving infants, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.8gtht76k3

Abstract

Thousands of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies have provided important insight into the human brain. However, only a handful of these studies tested infants while they were awake, because of the significant and unique methodological challenges involved. We report our efforts to address these challenges, with the goal of creating methods for awake infant fMRI that can reveal the inner workings of the developing, preverbal mind. We use these methods to collect and analyze two fMRI datasets obtained from infants during cognitive tasks, released publicly with this paper. In these datasets, we explore and evaluate data quantity and quality, task-evoked activity, and preprocessing decisions. We disseminate these methods by sharing two software packages that integrate infant-friendly cognitive tasks and eye-gaze monitoring with fMRI acquisition and analysis. These resources make fMRI a feasible and accessible technique for cognitive neuroscience in awake and behaving human infants.

Methods

Extensive details are provided in the manuscript: Ellis, Skalaban, Yates, Bejjanki, Cordova, & Turk-Browne. "Re-imagining fMRI for awake behaving infants".

Usage Notes

Refer to the README.md file included with the data.

Note from Aug 19th, 2021: Note that the burn-in information for each of the raw runs was not previously provided. This has now also been uploaded. The README was edited to include this information but otherwise, nothing else was changed.