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Data from: Establishing rates of carbon sequestration in mangroves from an earthquake uplift event

Citation

Salmo, Severino G.; Malapit, Vanessa; Garcia, Maria Carmela A.; Pagkalinawan, Homer M. (2019), Data from: Establishing rates of carbon sequestration in mangroves from an earthquake uplift event, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.8k81f14

Abstract

We assessed the carbon stocks (CS) in mangroves that developed after a Magnitude 7.1 earthquake in Silonay, Oriental Mindoro, south Luzon, Philippines in November 1994. The earthquake resulted in a 50 cm uplift of sediment that provided new habitat within the upper intertidal zone which mangroves colonized (from < 2 ha pre-earthquake to the current 45 ha, 23 yrs post-earthquake). The site provided opportunity for a novel assessment of the rate of carbon sequestration in recently established mangroves. The CS were measured in above-ground, below-ground and sediment compartments over a seaward to landward transect. Results showed mean CS of 549 ± 30 Mg C/ha (of which 13% was from the above-ground biomass, 5% from the below-ground biomass, and 82% from the sediments). There was high carbon sequestration at 40-cm depth that can be inferred attributable to the developed mangroves. The calculated rate of C sequestration (over 23 years post-earthquake) was 10.2 ± 0.7 Mg C/ha/yr and is comparable to rates reported from mangroves recovering from forest clearing. The rates we present here from newly developed mangroves contributes to calibrating estimates of total CS from restored mangroves (of different developmental stages) and in mangroves that are affected by disturbances.

Usage Notes

Funding

National Science Foundation, Award: 3-191

Location

Oriental Mindoro
Philippines
Calapan City
Verde Island Passage