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Data from: Sex matters: Otolith shape and genomic variation in deacon rockfish (Sebastes diaconus)

Citation

Vaux, Felix et al. (2021), Data from: Sex matters: Otolith shape and genomic variation in deacon rockfish (Sebastes diaconus), Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.8kprr4xj0

Abstract

Little is known about intraspecific variation within the deacon rockfish (Sebastes diaconus), a recently described species found in the northeast Pacific Ocean. We investigated population structure among fish sampled from two nearshore reefs (Siletz Reef and Seal Rock) and one offshore site (Stonewall Bank) within a <50 km2 area off the Oregon coast. Fish from the three sample sites exhibited small but statistically significant differences based on genetic variation at >15,000 neutral loci, whether analyzed independently or classified into nearshore and offshore groups. Male and females were readily distinguished using genetic data and 92 outlier loci were associated with sex, potentially indicating differential selection between males and females. Morphometric results indicated that there was significant secondary sexual dimorphism in otolith shape, but further sampling is required to disentangle potential confounding influence of age. This study is the first step towards understanding intraspecific variation within the deacon rockfish and the potential management implications. Since differentiation among the three sample sites was small, we consider the results to be suggestive of a single stock. However, future studies should evaluate how the stock is affected by differences in sex, age, and gene flow between the nearshore and offshore environments.

Usage Notes

Data files for: Sex matters: Otolith shape and genomic variation in deacon rockfish (Sebastes diaconus). Spreadsheets for the otolith and genetic sampling, and genetic data (vcf, genepop, and structure genotype files, and the fasta consensus file for the 92 outlier loci). 

Demultiplexed forward and reverse DNA sequence reads for the deacon rockfish sequenced in this study are openly available on the NCBI sequence read archive (SRA) under: PRJNA560239, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject/560239