Data from: Phage display peptide libraries: deviations from randomness and correctives
Ryvkin, Arie et al. (2018), Data from: Phage display peptide libraries: deviations from randomness and correctives, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.8ks16
Peptide-expressing phage display libraries are widely used for the interrogation of antibodies. Affinity selected peptides are then analyzed to discover epitope mimetics, or are subjected to computational algorithms for epitope prediction. A critical assumption for these applications is the random representation of amino acids in the initial naïve peptide library. In a previous study we implemented Next Generation Sequencing to evaluate a naïve library and discovered severe deviations from randomness in UAG codon overrepresentation as well as in high G phosphoramidite abundance causing amino acid distribution biases. In this study we demonstrate that the UAG overrepresentation can be attributed to the burden imposed on the phage upon the assembly of the recombinant Protein 8 subunits. This was corrected by constructing the libraries using supE44-containing bacteria which suppress the UAG driven abortive termination. We also demonstrate that the overabundance of G stems from variant synthesis-efficiency and can be corrected using compensating oligonucleotide-mixtures calibrated by Mass Spectroscopy. Construction of libraries implementing these correctives results in markedly improved libraries that display random distribution of amino acids, thus ensuring that enriched peptides obtained in biopanning represent a genuine selection event, a fundamental assumption for phage display applications.