Data from: Multiple genomic signatures of selection in goats and sheep indigenous to a hot arid environment
Kim, Eui-Soo et al. (2015), Data from: Multiple genomic signatures of selection in goats and sheep indigenous to a hot arid environment, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.8m1v1
Goats and sheep are versatile domesticates that have been integrated into diverse environments and production systems. Natural and artificial selection have shaped the variation in the two species but, natural selection has played the major role amongst indigenous flocks. To investigate signals of natural selection, we analyzed genotype data generated using the caprine and ovine 50K SNP BeadChips from Barki goats and sheep that are indigenous to a hot arid environment in Egypt's Coastal Zone of the Western Desert. We identify several candidate regions under selection that spanned 119 genes. A majority of the genes are involved in multiple signaling and, signal transduction pathways in a wide variety of cellular and biochemical processes. In particular, selection signatures spanning several genes which directly or indirectly influence traits for adaptation to hot arid environments, such as thermo-tolerance (melanogenesis) (FGF2, GNAI3, PLCB1), body size and development (BMP2, BMP4, GJA3, GJB2), energy and digestive metabolism (several MYH, TRHDE, ALDH1A3) and nervous and autoimmune response (GRIA1, IL2, IL7, IL21, IL1R1) are identified. We also identified eight common candidate genes under selection in the two species and a shared selection signature that spanned a conserved syntenic segment to bovine chromosome 12 on caprine and ovine chromosome 12 and 10 respectively, providing, most likely, evidence for selection in a common environment in two different but closely related species. Our study highlights the importance of indigenous livestock as model organisms for investigating selection sweeps and genome-wide association mapping.
North Africa and Middle East