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Neutrophil extracellular traps are present in the airways of ENaC-overexpressing mice with cystic fibrosis-like lung disease

Citation

Rada, Balazs (2021), Neutrophil extracellular traps are present in the airways of ENaC-overexpressing mice with cystic fibrosis-like lung disease, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.8pk0p2nmb

Abstract

Background: Neutrophils are key components of the exacerbated inflammation and tissue damage in cystic fibrosis (CF) airways. Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) trap and kill extracellular pathogens. While NETs are abundant in the airways of CF patients and have been hypothesized to contribute to lung damage in CF, the in vivo role of NETs remains controversial, partially due to lack of appropriate animal models. The goal of this study was to detect NETs and to further characterize neutrophilmediated inflammation in the airways of mice overexpressing the epithelial sodium channel (βENaC-Tg mice on C57BL/6 background) in their lung with CF-like airway disease, in the absence of any apparent bacterial infections.

Methods: Histology scoring of lung tissues, flow cytometry, multiplex ELISA, immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence were used to characterize NETs and the airway environment in uninfected, βENaC-Tg mice at 6 and 8 weeks of age, the most chronic time points so far studied in this model.

Results: Excessive neutrophilic infiltration characterized the lungs of uninfected, βENaC-Tg mice at 6 and 8 weeks of age. The bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of βENaC-Tg mice contains increased levels of CF-associated cytokines and chemokines: KC, MIP-1α/β, MCP-1, G-CSF, IL-5, and IL-6. The BALF of βENaC-Tg mice contain MPO-DNA complexes, indicative of the presence of NETs. Immunofluorescence and flow cytometry of BALF neutrophils and lung tissues demonstrated increased histone citrullination, a NET-specific marker, in βENaC-Tg mice.

Conclusions: NETs are detected in the airways of βENaC-Tg mice, in the absence of bacterial infections. These data demonstrate the usefulness of the βENaC-Tg mouse to serve as a model for studying the role of NETs in chronic CF airway inflammation.

Keywords Cystic fibrosis; neutrophil extracellular traps; NET; ENaC, neutrophil.

Methods

Some of the results have been collected by flow cytometry and some of them by ELISA assays. Data were collected in the attached excel file and processed to calculate mean values and standard deviations or standard errors of means, as described in the manuscript in detail.

Usage Notes

These datasets compare different readouts between wild-type and betaENaC-overexpressing mice that serve as a model for cystic fibrosis airway disease. Most of the datasets presents the comparisons between these two murine genotypes. What the results mean is indicated at each sheet of the excel file and refer only to data presented in that sheet, not others. There are no missing values.

Funding

National Institutes of Health, Award: 5R01HL136707