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Data from: Anomalous unrooted gene trees

Cite this dataset

Degnan, James H. (2013). Data from: Anomalous unrooted gene trees [Dataset]. Dryad.


The coalescent and multispecies coalescent model rooted genealogies backward through time. Often, the direction of time is unknown in trees estimated from molecular sequences due to reversible mutation models, absence of an appropriate outgroup, and the absence of the molecular clock. In this paper, probabilities of unrooted gene-tree topologies under the multispecies coalescent are considered. The main result is that for any species-tree topology with 7 or more taxa, there exist branch lengths such that there are unrooted gene-tree topologies that are more likely than the one that has the same unrooted topology as the species tree. Species trees with such anomalous unrooted gene trees (AUGTs) are characterized for trees with 5 and 6 taxa, and patterns of branch lengths leading to AUGTs and rooted anomalous gene trees (AGTs) are explored. The results could be useful for understanding gene tree discordance and for designing simulations studies for inferring challenging species trees.

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