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Stratigraphic column of the Xiazhen Formation with the 18 stromatoporoid-bearing intervals

Citation

Jeon, Juwan et al. (2021), Stratigraphic column of the Xiazhen Formation with the 18 stromatoporoid-bearing intervals, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.8sf7m0cpg

Abstract

A diverse labechiid stromatoporoid assemblage that includes 16 species in 8 genera was found in the Upper Ordovician Xiazhen Formation (mid-late Katian) at Zhuzhai, Jiangxi Province of South China. The assemblage is characterized by a combination of: a) North China provincial species succeeding from their origination in the Darriwilian, including Pseudostylodictyon poshanense Ozaki, 1938, Labechia shanhsiensis Yabe and Sugiyama, 1930, Lb. variabilis Yabe and Sugiyama, 1930 and Labechiella regularis (Yabe and Sugiyama, 1930), and b) South China endemic species, including three new species (Lb. zhuzhainus Jeon sp. nov., Lblla. beluatus Jeon sp. nov., Sinabeatricea luteolus Jeon gen. et sp. nov.), and four species in open nomenclature (Rosenella sp., Cystostroma sp., Pseudostylodictyon sp. and Labechia sp.). The finding of Lblla. gondwanense Jeon sp. nov., Stylostroma bubsense Webby, 1991, Sty. ugbrookense Webby, 1991 and Thamnobeatricea gouldi Webby, 1991 in the formation indicates that Tasmania was closely related to South China, and had a closer paleobiogeographical relation with peri-Gondwanan terranes than Laurentia. In addition, the occurrences of Labechia altunensis Dong and Wang, 1984 and Stylostroma species support a close biogeographic link between Tarim and South China through the Middle to Late Ordovician interval, corresponding with the results from other fossil groups such as brachiopods, conodonts and chitinozoans. The diverse labechiids from the Xiazhen Formation improve our understanding of the diversity of Ordovician stromatoporoids in peri-Gondwanan terranes and the biogeographic affinities among Australia (especially Tasmania rather than central New South Wales), Tarim and South China.

Funding

Chinese Academy of Sciences, Award: XDB26000000

National Natural Science Foundation of China, Award: 42030510

National Natural Science Foundation of China, Award: 41402013

National Research Foundation of Korea, Award: 2019R1I1A1A01061336

National Natural Science Foundation of China, Award: J1210006