Data from: Maladaptation to acute metal exposure in resurrected Daphnia ambigua clones after decades of increasing contamination
Rogalski, Mary Alta (2016), Data from: Maladaptation to acute metal exposure in resurrected Daphnia ambigua clones after decades of increasing contamination, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.8v312
Human environmental impacts have driven some of the strongest and fastest phenotypic changes recorded in wild animal populations. Across populations, this variation is often adaptive, as populations evolve fitness advantages in response to human-modified environments. Yet some populations fail to adapt to changing environments. Evidenced by declines in relative fitness, such seemingly maladaptive outcomes are less common, but may be more likely in human modified contexts. Further, our ability to investigate the dynamics of these adaptive and maladaptive responses over time is typically limited in natural systems. I combined resurrection ecology and paleolimnology approaches to examine evolutionary responses of the freshwater zooplankter Daphnia to exposure to heavy metal contamination over the past 50-75 years using animals hatched from diapausing egg banks. In contrast to the predicted trend of adaptation to metal exposure over time, I observed an increase in sensitivity to both copper and cadmium exposure associated with increasing historic contamination. This potentially maladaptive trend occurred in Daphnia populations in three lakes. Given that the release of toxicants such as heavy metals is widespread and other researchers have observed local maladaptation to toxicant exposure, it is important to understand the drivers and implications of this pattern.