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Fitness costs associated with a GABA receptor mutation conferring dieldrin resistance in Aedes albopictus

Citation

Gomard, Yann et al. (2022), Fitness costs associated with a GABA receptor mutation conferring dieldrin resistance in Aedes albopictus, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.8w9ghx3qt

Abstract

Understanding the dynamics of insecticide resistance genes in mosquito populations is pivotal for a sustainable use of insecticides. Dieldrin resistance in Aedes albopictus is conferred by the alanine to serine substitution (A302S or RdlR allele) in the γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptor encoded by the Rdl gene. On Reunion Island, dieldrin resistance was initially reported in natural Ae. albopictus populations sampled in 2008 despite the ban of dieldrin since 1994. To monitor insecticide resistance in Ae. albopictus on the island and to identify its drivers, we measured (i) the frequency of resistance alleles in 19 distinct natural populations collected between 2016 and 2017, (ii) fitness costs associated with dieldrin resistance in laboratory-controlled experiments, and (iii) the resistance conferred by RdlR to fipronil, an insecticide widely used on the island and reported to cross-react with RdlR. The results show a persistence of RdlR in Ae. albopictus natural populations at low frequencies. Among the measured life history traits, mortality in pre-imaginal stages, adults’ survival as well as the proportion of egg-laying females were significantly affected in resistant mosquitoes. Finally, bioassays revealed resistance of RdlR mosquitoes to fipronil, suggesting that the use of fipronil in natura could select for the RdlR allele. This study shows that dieldrin resistance is persistent in natural mosquito populations likely as a result of combined effects between fitness costs associated with RdlR and selection exerted by cross-reacting environmental insecticides such as fipronil.

Funding

European Regional Development Fund, Award: VECTOBIOMES project, number RE0009962