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Data from: Genetic differentiation and phylogeographical structure of the Brachionus calyciflorus complex in eastern China

Citation

Xiang, Xian-Ling et al. (2011), Data from: Genetic differentiation and phylogeographical structure of the Brachionus calyciflorus complex in eastern China, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.9094

Abstract

Spatio-temporal patterns and processes of genetic differentiation in passively dispersing zooplankton are drawing much attention from both ecologists and evolutionary biologists. Two opposite phylogeographical scenarios have already been demonstrated in rotifers, which consist of high levels of genetic differentiation among populations even on small geographical scales on the one hand, and the traditionally known cosmopolitanism that is associated with high levels of gene flow and long-distance dispersal via diapausing stages on the other hand. Here we analyzed the population genetic structure and the phylogeography of the Brachionus calyciflorus species complex in eastern China. By screening a total of 318 individuals from ten locations along a 2320 km gradient and analyzing samples from two growing seasons, we aimed at focusing on both small- and large-scale patterns. We identified eight cryptic species, and verified species status of two of these by sexual reproduction tests. Samples in summer and winter yielded different cryptic species. The distribution patterns of these genetically distinct cryptic species were diverse across eastern China, from full cosmopolitanism to local endemism. The two most abundant cryptic species BcWIII and BcSW both showed a pattern of strong genetic differentiation among populations and no significant isolation-by-distance. Long-distance colonization, secondary contact and recent range expansion are probably responsible for the indistinct pattern of isolation-by-distance. Our results suggest that geographical distance is more important than temporal segregation across seasons in explaining population differentiation and the occurrence of cryptic species. We explain the current phylogeographical structure in the B. calyciflorus species complex by a combination of recent population expansion, restricted gene flow, priority effects and long-distance colonization.

Usage Notes

Location

Anqing
Danzhou
Wuhu
Dezhou
Xuzhou
Guangzhou
Nanchang
eastern China
Ganzhou
Nanjing
Tianjin