Data from: Cognitive correlates of cerebellar resting-state functional connectivity in Parkinson disease.
Maiti, Baijayanta et al. (2020), Data from: Cognitive correlates of cerebellar resting-state functional connectivity in Parkinson disease., Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.92b0gq1
Objective: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the contributions of altered cerebellar resting-state functional connectivity (FC) to cognitive impairment in Parkinson disease (PD). Methods: We conducted morphometric and resting-state functional connectivity MRI (FC-MRI) analyses contrasting 81 PD and 43 age-matched healthy controls using rigorous quality assurance measures. To investigate the relationship of cerebellar FC to cognitive status, we compared PD participants without cognitive impairment (Clinical Dementia Rating scale, CDR=0; n=47) to PD participants with impaired cognition (CDR≥0.5; n=34). Comprehensive measures of cognition across the five cognitive domains were assessed for behavioral correlations. Results: The PD participants had significantly weaker FC between the vermis and peristriate visual association cortex compared to controls, and the strength of this FC correlated with visuospatial function and global cognition. In contrast, weaker FC between vermis and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex was found in the cognitively impaired PD group compared to PD participants without cognitive impairment. This effect correlated with deficits in attention, executive functions and global cognition. No group differences in cerebellar lobular volumes or regional cortical thickness of the significant cortical clusters were observed. Conclusion: These results demonstrate a correlation between cerebellar vermal FC and cognitive impairment in PD. The absence of significant atrophy in cerebellum or relevant cortical areas suggests this could be related to local pathophysiology such as neurotransmitter dysfunction.