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Data from: Temporal dynamics of free‐living nitrogen fixation in the switchgrass rhizosphere

Citation

Smercina, Darian; Evans, Sarah E.; Friesen, Maren L.; Tiemann, Lisa K. (2021), Data from: Temporal dynamics of free‐living nitrogen fixation in the switchgrass rhizosphere, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.931zcrjm3

Abstract

Here we present data associated with the manuscript, Temporal dyanmics of free-living nitrogen fixation in the switchgrass rhizosphere. Free-living nitrogen fixation (FLNF) represents an important terrestrial N source and is gaining interest for its potential to contribute plant available N to bioenergy cropping systems. Switchgrass, a cellulosic bioenergy crop, may be reliant on FLNF when particularly when grown on low N marginal lands. These potential contributions of FLNF to switchgrass and the controls on this process are not well understood. We evaluated drivers of FLNF rates and N-fixing microbial community composition in field-grown switchgrass systems over two years with high temporal sampling. We found climate variables to be strong drivers of FLNF in switchgrass systems, compared to other environmental and biological factors including soil nutrients and N-fixing microbial community composition. Increased soil moisture availability tended to promote FLNF, but extreme rainfall events appeared to be detrimental. These climate-related responses suggest FLNF-derived N contributions may be reduced under projected climate shifts. We also found a significant, but weak correlation between N-fixing microbial community composition and FLNF rates including an observed shift in community composition between 2017 and 2018 and a similarly significant difference in FLNF rates between years. Lastly, we found that seasonal FLNF N contributions, based on measurement with high temporal resolution, may meet up to 80% of switchgrass N demands.

Methods

Details on data collection can be found in the associated open access journal article, Temporal dynamics of free‐living nitrogen fixation in the switchgrass rhizosphere. This can be accessed at the following link: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/gcbb.12893. Reported values include all pseudoreplicate values prior to averaging for statistical analysis as described in the associated manuscript.

Usage Notes

Missing values are represented as NA in the dataset.

Funding

U.S. Department of Energy, Award: DE‐FC02‐07ER64494

U.S. Department of Energy, Award: DE‐SC0014108

U.S. Department of Energy, Award: DE‐SC0018409