Data from: Extent of adaptation is not limited by unpredictability of the environment in laboratory populations of Escherichia coli
Karve, Shraddha M.; Bhave, Devika; Dey, Sutirth (2018), Data from: Extent of adaptation is not limited by unpredictability of the environment in laboratory populations of Escherichia coli, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.953cv28
Environmental variability is on the rise in different parts of the earth and the survival of many species depend on how well they cope with these fluctuations. Our current understanding of how organisms adapt to unpredictably fluctuating environments is almost entirely based on studies that investigate fluctuations among different values of a single environmental stressor like temperature or pH. How would unpredictability affect adaptation when the environment fluctuates between qualitatively very different kinds of stresses? To answer this question, we subjected laboratory populations of Escherichia coli to selection over ~260 generations. The populations faced predictable and unpredictable environmental fluctuations across qualitatively different selection environments, namely, salt and acidic pH. We show that predictability of environmental fluctuations does not play a role in determining the extent of adaptation, although the extent of ancestral adaptation to the chosen selection environments is of key importance. This is good news given that the unpredictability of environmental fluctuations all over the world is on the rise.