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Geographical and ecological variables of Pseudotaxus chienii populations

Citation

Wang, Ting (2022), Geographical and ecological variables of Pseudotaxus chienii populations, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.95x69p8kp

Abstract

Pseudotaxus chienii, belonging to the monotypic genus Pseudotaxus (Taxaceae), is a relict conifer endemic to China. Its populations are usually small and patchily distributed, having a low capacity of natural regeneration. To gain a clearer understanding of how landscape variables affect the local adaptation of P. chienii, we applied EST-SSR markers in conjunction with landscape genetics methods: (1) to examine the population genetic pattern and spatial genetic structure; (2) to perform genome scan and selection scan to identify outlier loci and the associated landscape variables; and (3) to model the ecological niche under climate change. As a result, P. chienii was found to have a moderate level of genetic variation and a high level of genetic differentiation. Its populations displayed a significant positive relationship between the genetic and geographical distance (i.e., “isolation by distance” pattern) and a strong fine scale spatial genetic structure within 2 km. A putatively adaptive locus EMS6 (functionally annotated to cellulose synthase A catalytic subunit 7) was identified, which was found significantly associated with soil Cu, K, and Pb content and the combined effects of temperature and precipitation. Moreover, P. chienii was predicted to experience significant range contractions in future climate change scenarios. Our results highlight the potential of specific soil metal content and climate variables as the driving force of adaptive genetic differentiation in P. chieniiThe data would also be useful to develop a conservation action plan for P. chienii.

 

Funding

National Natural Science Foundation of China, Award: 31670200, 31770587, 31872670, and 32071781