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Data from: Developing and applying a macroinvertebrate‐based multimetric index for urban rivers in the Niger Delta, Nigeria

Citation

Edegbene, Augustine O.; Arimoro, Francis O.; Odume, Oghenekaro N. (2020), Data from: Developing and applying a macroinvertebrate‐based multimetric index for urban rivers in the Niger Delta, Nigeria, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.98sf7m0dq

Abstract

Urban pollution of riverine ecosystem is a serious concern in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria. No biomonitoring tool exists for the routine monitoring of effects of urban pollution on riverine systems within the region. Therefore, the aim of this study was to develop and apply a macroinvertebrate-based multimetric index for assessing water quality condition of impacted urban river systems in the Niger Delta area of Nigeria. Macroinvertebrate and physico-chemical samples were collected from 11 stations in eight river systems. Based on the physico-chemical variables, the stations were categorised into three impact categories namely; least impacted stations (LIS), moderately impacted stations (MIS) and heavily impacted stations (HIS). Seventy seven (77) candidate metrics were tested and only five: Hemiptera abundance, %Coleoptera+Hemiptera, %Chironomidae+Oligochaeta, Evenness index and Logarithm of relative abundance of very large body size (>40-80 mm) were retained and integrated into the final Niger Delta urban multimetric index (MINDU). The validation data set showed a correspondence of 83.3% between the index result and the physico-chemically-based classification for the LIS and a 75% correspondence for the MIS. A performance of 22.2% was recorded for the HIS. The newly developed MINDU proved useful as a biomonitoring tool in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria, and can thus be used by environmental managers and government officials for routine monitoring of rivers and streams subjected to urban pollution.

Methods

Seasonal datasets of macroinvertebrates collected between 2008 and 2012 in selected urban rivers in the Niger Delta ecoregion of Nigeria. 

The data has been processed and used in the development of macroinvertebrate-based multimetric index for urban rivers in the Niger Delta area of Nigeria.

Usage Notes

WA1A=Warri River Station 1
Ad3B= Adofi River Station 3
Ol2B= Oleri River Station 2
Or3C=Orogodo River Station 3
An1A=Anwai River Station 1
An3B=Anwai River Station 3
Et1B= Ethiope River Station 1
Et2C=Ethiope River Station 2
Ob3C=Obosh River Station 3
Og1C=Ogba River Station 1
Og2C= Ogba River Station 2
 
A= Least impacted stations
B= Moderately impacted stations
C= Heavily impacted stations

Funding

South Africa National Research Foundation-The World Academy of Sciences, Award: 110894