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Data from: Post-Cretaceous bursts of evolution along the benthic-pelagic axis in marine fishes

Citation

Duarte Ribeiro, Emanuell et al. (2018), Data from: Post-Cretaceous bursts of evolution along the benthic-pelagic axis in marine fishes, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.9bq5n41

Abstract

Ecological opportunity arising in the aftermath of mass extinction events is thought to be a powerful driver of evolutionary radiations. Here, we assessed how the wake of the Cretaceous-Paleogene (K-Pg) mass extinction shaped diversification dynamics in a clade of mostly marine fishes (Carangaria), which comprises a disparate array of benthic and pelagic dwellers including some of the most astonishing fish forms (e.g., flatfishes, billfishes, remoras, archerfishes). Analyses of lineage diversification show time-heterogeneous rates of lineage diversification in carangarians, with highest rates reached during the Paleocene. Likewise, a remarkable proportion of Carangaria’s morphological variation originated early in the history of the group and in tandem with a marked incidence of habitat shifts. Taken together, these results suggest that all major lineages and body plans in Carangaria originated in an early burst shortly after the K-Pg mass extinction, which ultimately allowed the occupation of newly released niches along the benthic-pelagic habitat axis.

Usage Notes

Funding

National Science Foundation, Award: DEB-1457184; DEB-1541491; DEB-1457426