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Genotype data and analysis code for HDY-20-A0076RR

Citation

Phillips, Karl; Herdegen-Radwan, Magdalena (2020), Genotype data and analysis code for HDY-20-A0076RR, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.9kd51c5f4

Abstract

Selection pressure from parasites is thought to be a major force shaping the extreme polymorphism of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) genes, but the modes and consequences of selection remain unclear. Here, we analyse MHC class II and microsatellite diversity in 16 guppy (Poecilia reticulata) populations from two islands (Trinidad and Tobago) that have been separated for at least 10 ky. Within-population MHC diversity was high, but allele sharing was limited within islands and even lower between islands, suggesting relatively fast turnover of alleles. Allelic lineages strongly supported in phylogenetic analyses tended to be island-specific, suggesting rapid lineage sorting, and an expansion of an allelic lineage private to Tobago was observed. New alleles appear to be generated locally at a detectably high frequency. We did not detect a consistent signature of local adaptation, but FST outlier analysis suggested that balancing selection may be the more general process behind spatial variation in MHC allele frequencies in this system, particularly within Trinidad.  We found no evidence for divergent allele advantage within populations, or for decreased genetic structuring of MHC supertypes compared to MHC alleles. The dynamic and complex nature of MHC evolution we observed in guppies, coupled with some evidence for balancing selection shaping MHC allele frequencies, are consistent with Red Queen processes of host-parasite coevolution.

Funding

Narodowym Centrum Nauki