Skip to main content
Dryad logo

GPR84 and GPR119 in the central regulation of food intake in rainbow trout

Citation

Soengas, Jose L (2021), GPR84 and GPR119 in the central regulation of food intake in rainbow trout, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.9kd51c5h8

Abstract

We evaluated the role of GPR84 and GPR119 in food intake regulation in fish using rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) as a model. In a first experiment, we assessed the effects on food intake of intracerebroventricular treatment with agonists of these receptors. In a second experiment, we assessed in hypothalamus and hindbrain the impact of the same treatments on mRNA abundance of neuropeptides involved in the metabolic control of food intake (npy, agrp1, pomca1, and cartpt) as well as in changes in parameters related to signaling pathways and transcription factors involved in the integrative response leading to neuropeptide production. Treatment with both agonists elicited an anorectic response in rainbow trout attributable to changes observed in the mRNA abundance of the four neuropeptides. Changes in neuropeptides relate to changes observed in mRNA abundance and phosphorylation status of the transcription factor Foxo1. These changes occurred in parallel with changes in phosphorylation status of Ampkα and Akt, mRNA abundance of mTOR as well as in signaling pathways related to PLCβ and IP3. These results allow us to suggest that 1) at least part of the capacity of fish brain to sense MCFA like octanoate depends on the function of GPR84, and 2) the capacity of fish brain to sense NAE or triglyceride-derived molecules through binding of these ligands to GPR119

Methods

qPCR, Western Blot, spectrophotometric analysis

Funding

Agencia Estatal de Investigación, Award: PID2019-103969RB-C31

Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte, Award: FPU16/00045

Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación, Award: BES-2017-079708

Xunta de Galicia, Award: ED431B 2019/37