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Sexual selection reveals a cost of pathogen resistance undetected in life history assays

Citation

Kawecki, Tadeusz J. (2019), Sexual selection reveals a cost of pathogen resistance undetected in life history assays, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.9p8cz8wbv

Abstract

Mechanisms of resistance to pathogens and parasites are thought to be costly and thus to lead to evolutionary trade-offs between resistance and life history traits expressed in the absence of the infective agents. On the other hand, sexually selected traits are often proposed to indicate "good genes" for resistance, which implies a positive genetic correlation between resistance and success in sexual selection. Here I show that experimental evolution of improved resistance to the intestinal pathogen Pseudomonas entomophila in Drosophila melanogaster was associated with a reduction in male sexual success. Males from four resistant populations achieved lower paternity than males from four susceptible control populations in competition with males from a competitor strain, indicating an evolutionary cost of resistance in terms of mating success and/or sperm competition. In contrast, no costs were found in larval viability, larval competitive ability and population productivity assayed under nutritional limitation; together with earlier studies this suggests that the costs of P. entomophila resistance for non-sexual fitness components are negligible. Thus, rather than indicating heritable pathogen resistance, sexually selected traits expressed in the absence of pathogens may be sensitive to costs of resistance, even if no such costs are detected in other fitness traits.

Methods

Life history and pathogen resistance data in the form of number of survivors, developmental time, body weight and number of descendants; sexual competition data in terms of numbers of offspring fathered by competing males.

Funding

Swiss National Science Foundation