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Data from: Population-specific effect of Wolbachia on the cost of fungal infection in spider mites

Citation

Zélé, Flore et al. (2020), Data from: Population-specific effect of Wolbachia on the cost of fungal infection in spider mites, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.9p8cz8wc4

Abstract

Many studies have revealed the ability of the endosymbiotic bacterium Wolbachia to protect its arthropod hosts against diverse pathogens. However, as Wolbachia may also increase the susceptibility of its host to infection, predicting the outcome of a particular Wolbachia-host-pathogen interaction remains elusive. Yet, understanding such interactions and their eco-evolutionary consequences is crucial for disease and pest control strategies. Moreover, how natural Wolbachia infections affectartificially introduced pathogens for biocontrol has never been studied. Tetranychus urticae spider mites are herbivorous crop pests, causing severe damage on numerous economically important crops. Due to the rapid evolution of pesticide resistance, biological control strategies using entomopathogenic fungi are being developed. However, although spider mites are infected with various Wolbachia strains worldwide, whether this endosymbiont protects them from fungi is as yet unknown. Here, we compared the survival of two populations, treated with antibiotics or naturally harbouring different Wolbachia strains, after exposure to the fungal biocontrol agents Metarhizium brunneum and Beauveria bassiana. To control for potential effects of the bacterial community of spider mites, we also compared the susceptibility of two populations naturally uninfected by Wolbachia, treated with antibiotics or not. In one population, Wolbachia-infected mites had a better survival than uninfected ones in absence of fungi but not in their presence, whereas in the other population Wolbachia increased the mortality induced by B. bassiana. In one naturally Wolbachia-uninfected populations, the antibiotic treatment increased the susceptibility of spider mites to M. brunneum, but it had no effect in the other treatments. These results suggest that natural Wolbachia infections may not hamper and may even improve the success of biological control using entomopathogenic fungi. However, they also draw caution on the generalization of such effects, given the complexity of within-host pathogens interaction and the potential eco-evolutionary consequences of the use of biocontrol agents for Wolbachia-host associations.

Usage Notes

Zélé et al. Full dataset Ecol Evol

Complete dataset with the survival of females from 4 different populations (“population” column) of Tetranychus urticaetreated or not with antibiotics (1 and 0, respectively, in the “antibiotic_treatment” column)and sprayed with B. bassianaM. brunneum, or with Tween 20 only as control (BB, MB and C, respectively, in the “fungi_treatment” column). The “disc” column indicates the identity of the bean leaf disc on which each female was placed (20 females were placed together on each leaf disc; a total of 12 independent leaf discs, numbered from 1 to 12, were used per treatment and per population), and the column “block” indicates the temporal block. The “daydeath” column indicates the day of death of each female (i.e. the number of days after being sprayed), and the column “censor” indicates whether each female died accidentally (i.e. drowned in the wet cotton; 0) or ‘naturally’ (1). 

Funding

Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT), Award: FCT-TUBITAK/0001/2014

Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT), Award: SFRH/BPD/125020/2016

Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi, Award: ZRF-17055

Türkiye Bilimsel ve Teknolojik Arastirma Kurumu, Award: TUBITAK TOVAG 115O610