Population‐level variation of digestive physiology costs of mounting an immune response in damselflies
Tye, Simon P.; Blaske, Benjamin K.; Siepielski, Adam M. (2020), Population‐level variation of digestive physiology costs of mounting an immune response in damselflies, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.9p8cz8wcb
1. Trade‐offs are often predicted to occur between energetically costly activities, such as somatic growth and eliciting immune responses to parasites. Although parasitism frequently reduces growth via lowered consumption, it remains unclear if the energetic demands of generating immune responses also affect the digestive physiological processes necessary for growth. Moreover, as local environmental conditions affect energetic investment towards growth and immune responses, the extent of any digestive–immune response trade‐offs may vary among populations and not be fixed at the species‐level.
2. To test these ideas, melanisation – a general innate immune response – was first induced in damselfly larvae (Enallagma vesperum) from two populations. The study then quantified growth and consumption rates, assimilation and production efficiencies, and daily metabolic rates to determine if digestive–immune response trade‐offs were present and, if so, whether they differed between populations.
3. There was no evidence of any trade‐offs between immune responses and digestive physiology components in either population. However, the results did show that populations differentially allocated energy towards different digestive physiology components after an immune response was elicited: one population increased their relative consumption and daily metabolic rates, while the other population had lower assimilation efficiencies and consumption rates.
4. Although researchers lack a mechanistic understanding of the observed population‐level differences, these results suggest that accounting for population‐level variation in digestive physiology and immune responses is critical to inferences about how immunological defences to parasitism may affect the ability for organisms to both acquire and utilise resources.E
Two CSV files that include the dry/wet mass regression values (DryMass_1.0.csv) and obtained values from the feeding trials and immune challenge (Assimilation_2.1.csv).
National Science Foundation, Award: DEB1748945
Arkansas Biosciences Institute