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Data from: The importance of biotic filtering on boreal conifer recruitment at alpine treeline

Citation

Crofts, Anna L.; Brown, Carissa D. (2021), Data from: The importance of biotic filtering on boreal conifer recruitment at alpine treeline, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.9p8cz8wcg

Abstract

Treeline, the ecotone where forest transitions to alpine or tundra ecosystems, is considered the thermal limit to tree growth and survival. Despite temperature increases across mountainous areas and high latitudes globally, there has been no ubiquitous change in treeline position. The process of range expansion must initially depend on increased recruitment at, or beyond current range limits and recruitment limitations have been hypothesized as a mechanism for the variable response of treeline position to climate warming. We conducted a unique series of observational and experimental studies to quantify early-life stage constraints, from seed production to seedling establishment, on black spruce (Picea mariana) and tamarack (Larix laricina) recruitment at a model alpine treeline in Newfoundland, Canada. We found recruitment at treeline to be simultaneously seed and establishment limited. The treeline population produced fewer seeds than the forest population and black spruce seeds produced at treeline were less viable. Tamarack was more seed limited than black spruce where seed viability was low regardless of altitudinal position. Post-dispersal seed predation greatly constrained recruitment across the altitudinal gradient; however, black spruce seeds experienced the lowest levels of invertebrate seed predation on the lichen mat at treeline. If seeds were not consumed, individuals at treeline were establishment limited where germination and seedling establishment was both less abundant and delayed on lichen substrate. Our study highlights the need for multiple factors to align temporally for significant recruitment at treeline to occur.

Methods

Please refer to the Methods section of the associated paper. 

Usage Notes

Data from Crofts & Brown (2020), Ecography: doi:10.1111/ecog.04899. All variables are described in the "Metadata" sheet of the excel file (Crofts&Brown_Ecography_Data.xlsx). 

Funding

Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Award: RGPIN-2015-05774